Pennsylvania is one of the many states that has a vehicle inspection program. The PA state auto inspection program has two primary purposes.
First and foremost, it promotes highway safety by ensuring vehicles are in good working condition. Vehicle safety inspections play an important role in the prevention of accidents and fatalities. By identifying and removing unsafe vehicles from the road, potential accidents are being prevented. A Pennsylvania DOT study determined that states with vehicle inspection programs had fewer fatal crashes compared to states without a program, and therefore the benefits outweigh the costs.
The PA state car inspection program also helps keep the air clean through emission checks. It’s part of a larger federal program aimed at reducing air pollution.
Failing to Follow the PA State Inspection Guidelines
An inspection will cost you a little bit up front, but if you don’t abide by the required PA state inspection guidelines there are serious and expensive consequences. Penalties for failing to follow the guidelines are found under 75 Pa.C.S. §4730(c) of the Pennsylvania Code.
- Displaying a fake inspection sticker or a sticker that belongs to another vehicle is a $100 fine for the first offense and $200-500 and/or 90 days in jail for subsequent offenses.
- If you drive with an expired inspection sticker you can be cited and fined.
- There aren’t any PA state inspection license renewal issues, but vehicle registration renewal can be denied.
Frequently Asked Questions
Vehicle inspections and emission tests are an annual requirement. Exactly when you need your next vehicle inspection depends on when your current stickers were issued.
After your vehicle passes a safety and emissions inspection, your car or light truck will receive an emissions sticker and an inspection sticker that are valid for one year from the month of the inspection. Check the inspection sticker for the date. You will have to pass the safety inspection and emissions test by the last day in the month that the inspection is due.
But you don’t have to wait 12 months. Inspections and emissions tests can be done as early as 90 days before they’re due. If you decide to get your inspection and testing done early it won’t mean you’ll have an earlier due date the next year. Let’s assume your inspection is due in December this year but you get it done in October. Next year your inspection is still due in December so that you aren’t penalized for getting it done early. The reason you have a 90 day window is to prevent being cited by law enforcement. Getting an inspection done early is always to the customer’s benefit. In case the customer would need a little extra time to pay for repairs, you can utilize that window. However, keeping up with regular vehicle maintenance performed by Jack Williams will ensure lower bills come state inspection time.
Did you just realize that your inspection is past due? There is no grace period for getting the inspection and emission test done unless you are out-of-state when your stickers expire. If you can provide proof of absence, you’ll have 10 days after your return to get it done.
What if your vehicle does not have an inspection sticker and is brand new/purchased out of state? If you don’t currently have a sticker at all and come in today for an inspection you will receive a sticker expiring next year, within the same month it is currently.
Timing Your Safety Inspection and Emissions Test
The inspection and emissions test take about an hour to complete. But don’t wait until the last day to schedule an inspection. You’ll need to give yourself a little time in case a repair is needed to pass.
Check your inspection sticker and call your local Jack Williams to make an appointment to get your vehicle inspected. *Please note there will be a charge if your vehicle does not pass inspection and you do not want us to do the repairs for either the safety inspection or the emissions inspection.
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation oversees the program and establishes the PA state inspection guidelines. The regulations state not only what is inspected but also where vehicles are inspected. Only official PennDOT Inspection Stations like Jack Williams can perform vehicle inspections.
Based off of the county you reside in, some rules and regulations may be slightly different. It is best to always ask us any specific questions you may have and we can provide you the correct information that abides to state and county laws. See below for an overview of what is checked during your vehicles state inspection each year.
PA State Inspection Requirements
What is checked during PA State Inspection? The list below provides a high level overview of what the certified technician inspects on a vehicle during state inspection. Additional components may be checked and required that are not listed here. Call us or text us through our web chat if you have any specific questions.
- Braking systems
- Electrical systems
- Glazing (glass)
- Windshield washers
- Fuel systems
- Exhaust system
- Warning devices
- Body of the vehicle
- Turn signals
How old is your vehicle? An emissions inspection is also required on all UNDER 9K LBS vehicles produced since 1975. For vehicles that were produced between 1975 and 1995, a visual inspection is done to ensure the original emissions equipment is in place and operating as it should. There will also be a gas cap test. Vehicles that are from 1996 and newer will undergo an additional OBDII test to check the computer system.
The only vehicles that are exempt from the emissions testing are those that have been driven less than 5,000 miles in the previous year. And have been owned by the same person for that year.
The personal automobiles that are on our streets and highways contribute about one-third of Pennsylvania’s pollution problem. While all cars emit some pollution, a poorly maintained car will emit more. The emissions inspection program was developed by the DOT and EPA with input from the public and various representatives of the auto industry to meet Pennsylvania’s air quality improvement initiatives.
One way to tell your vehicle isn’t meeting emissions guidelines is dark colored smoke from the exhaust pipe. These vehicles can generate 10 to 15 times more pollution than vehicles which are running with the proper air to fuel ratio and which have factory emission systems in place. A properly operating gasoline-powered vehicle does not emit visible smoke once it’s warmed up. Visible smoke after a brief warm-up period indicates an engine malfunction that needs to be checked out.
Different colors of smoke indicate different gas engine problems:
|Smoke Color||Diagnosis||Probable Causes|
Coolant leaking into combustion chamber
Bad head gasket
Cracked block or cylinder head
Engine is burning oil
Oil leaking into combustion chamber
Worn piston rings, valves or cylinders
Bad exhaust manifold
Bad head gasket
Incomplete fuel combustion
Clogged air filter
Carburetor, choke, fuel injection, or emission system malfunction
Engine’s air to fuel ratio is incorrect
It’s important to follow the recommended maintenance schedule in your owner’s manual. Failing to maintain your car or ignoring your dashboard “check engine” light can cost you in future repairs, reduce the number of miles you get per gallon and pollute the air.
If the emissions inspection is required for your vehicle it’s done once a year at the same time as your annual safety inspection. Each county has its own vehicle emission standards. Before doing the test, make sure your inspection station is qualified to conduct the test for the county where your vehicle is registered.
Did your car fail one of the inspection requirements or emissions test? Unfortunately, vehicles that don’t pass can’t legally be driven. Correcting any of the issues that causes your vehicle to fail PA State Inspection is the best way to get back on the road. Some shops will pass a vehicle even though it does not meet the inspection requirements. This is fraudulent and the shop risks losing their license. At Jack Williams, we ensure your vehicle is safe for you to drive for the next year. Let us handle any issues your vehicle may have now, so when it comes time for inspections, your service bill will not be as expensive.
Safety Inspection Retesting
If your vehicle doesn’t pass the safety inspection, the inspector will show you why, and the inspection station will give you an estimate for what it will cost to get your vehicle to pass inspection.
You can get the vehicle repaired at the inspection station, another shop of your choosing or handle the work yourself. If you get the repairs done at the inspection station there’s no need for a retest. If the repairs are done elsewhere you’ll need to bring the vehicle back to the inspection station for retesting and pay an additional fee.
Vehicles from 1996 and newer will pass the emissions test if the onboard computer that controls related components is operating correctly. If any of the sensors or relays are faulty your vehicle will fail. The faulty parts will have to be replaced or repaired before you can pass the emissions test.
Once the repairs are made your vehicle will need to be retested. As long as the vehicle is brought back to the original inspection station within 30 days the retesting is free.
The cost for a PA state safety inspection and emissions test depends on whether additional repairs are needed or not. Your vehicle will need to pass all safety requirements in order to be inspected for another year. Jack Williams is happy to walk you through any questions you may have about repairs your vehicle needs prior or during your PA State Inspection.
Without Additional Repairs
PA State Auto Inspection - $27.95 (includes sticker fee) Emissions Test - $33.95
It’s not uncommon to see stations charging $60-100 for safety inspections. At Jack Williams we offer some of the lowest PA state inspection costs available - just $27.95 for the safety inspection and $33.95 for emissions testing.
Additional Repairs Required
Repairs will be necessary if the vehicle fails the annual PA state inspection or emission test. Various repairs can amount to different sums of money in order to correct properly. It is best to maintain your vehicle throughout the course of its life, so when your annual inspection is due, you will not have to pay a large bill at one time. Trust the pros at Jack Williams to help maintain your vehicle and keep costly repairs down.
If you need repairs before or after a PA state car inspection come on by your local Jack Williams location. Just click on our locations page here or search for PA state inspection near me to find the closest Jack Williams location near you. We’re state authorized vehicle safety inspectors that can get your vehicle test ready for an affordable price!
Rеceive $30 Off PA STATE INSPECTION at Jack Willams this month.
Enter code: STATE30 at checkout.
Not valid with other specials discounts or сouрons. Must present valid email address at time of write-up. Does not include Emissions testing.